WORLD HERITAGE SITES OF NEPAL

There are four UNESCO World Heritage Sites (WHS) in Nepal. Two are in cultural and historical category and two are in natural category.

Historical and Cultural Heritage Sites 

Lumbini, the birth place of lord Buddha, and seven monuments of Kathmandu Valley within radius of 20 km (together counted as one WHS). Kathmandu valley WHS comprises of three historical places-Kathmandu, Patan and Bhaktapur Durbar Squares, Two Buddhists Stupas-Swayambhunath and Baudhanath and two Hindus Temples-Pashupatinath and Changu Narayan. Nepal offers an incomparable scope to connoisseurs of art and culture to see and study different aspects of fine arts in its paintings, sculpture, woodcarving and architecture.

Natural Heritage Sites

Thanks to Nepal’s extensive and effective parks and reserves system, the country has managed to preserve more endangered species of flora and fauna than any other area in Asia. Nepal has a network of nine national parks including 11 buffer zone areas, three wildlife reserves, three conservation areas and a hunting reserve. Nepal’s protected land cover 28,998.67 sq.km, or 19.70 % of the country’s total land.

 UNESCO natural heritage sites

  1. Chitwan National Park                                            (932 sq.km.)
  2. Sagarmatha National Park                                     (1,148 sq.km.)

Other parks and reserves

  1. Bardiya National Park                                             (968 sq.km.)
  2. Khaptad National Park                                            (225 sq.km.)
  3. Langtang National Park                                          (1,710 sq.km)
  4. Makalu-Barun National Park                                  (1,500 sq.km)
  5. Rara National Park                                                 (106 sq.km)
  6. Shey-Phoksundo National Park                               (3,555 sq.km)
  7. Shivapuri National Park                                          (144 sq.km)

Wildlife Reserves

  1. Koshi-Tappu wildlife Reserve                                 (175 sq.km)
  2. Parsa Wildlife Reserve                                           (499 sq.km)
  3. Suklaphanta Wildlife Reserve                                                (305 sq.km)

Conservation Areas

  1. Annapurna Conservation Area                                (7,629 sq.km)
  2. Kanchenjunga Conservation Area                           (2,035 sq.km)
  3. Manaslu Conservation Area                                   (1,663 sq.km)

Hunting Reserve

  1. Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve                                   (1,325 sq.km)

For more information please contact Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation (Tel: 4220850, 4220912, fax; 4227675, Web site: www.dnpwc.gov.np