There are four UNESCO World Heritage Sites (WHS) in Nepal. Two are in cultural and historical category and two are in natural category.

Historical and Cultural Heritage Sites 

Lumbini, the birth place of lord Buddha, and seven monuments of Kathmandu Valley within radius of 20 km (together counted as one WHS). Kathmandu valley WHS comprises of three historical places-Kathmandu, Patan and Bhaktapur Durbar Squares, Two Buddhists Stupas-Swayambhunath and Baudhanath and two Hindus Temples-Pashupatinath and Changu Narayan. Nepal offers an incomparable scope to connoisseurs of art and culture to see and study different aspects of fine arts in its paintings, sculpture, woodcarving and architecture.

Natural Heritage Sites

Thanks to Nepal’s extensive and effective parks and reserves system, the country has managed to preserve more endangered species of flora and fauna than any other area in Asia. Nepal has a network of nine national parks including 11 buffer zone areas, three wildlife reserves, three conservation areas and a hunting reserve. Nepal’s protected land cover 28,998.67, or 19.70 % of the country’s total land.

 UNESCO natural heritage sites

  1. Chitwan National Park                                            (932
  2. Sagarmatha National Park                                     (1,148

Other parks and reserves

  1. Bardiya National Park                                             (968
  2. Khaptad National Park                                            (225
  3. Langtang National Park                                          (1,710
  4. Makalu-Barun National Park                                  (1,500
  5. Rara National Park                                                 (106
  6. Shey-Phoksundo National Park                               (3,555
  7. Shivapuri National Park                                          (144

Wildlife Reserves

  1. Koshi-Tappu wildlife Reserve                                 (175
  2. Parsa Wildlife Reserve                                           (499
  3. Suklaphanta Wildlife Reserve                                                (305

Conservation Areas

  1. Annapurna Conservation Area                                (7,629
  2. Kanchenjunga Conservation Area                           (2,035
  3. Manaslu Conservation Area                                   (1,663

Hunting Reserve

  1. Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve                                   (1,325

For more information please contact Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation (Tel: 4220850, 4220912, fax; 4227675, Web site: