Nepal is the one of the richest country in the world in terms of bio –diversity due to its unique geographical position and altitude variation. The elevation of the country ranges from 60 m above sea level to the highest point on earth. Mt Everest at 8,848 m, all within a distance of 150 km resulting in climate conditions from sub-tropical to Arctic.
Nepal occupying only 0.1% of the total landmass of the earth is home of 2% of all the flowering plants of the world, 8% of the world’s population of birds (more than 848 species), 4% of mammals on earth 11 of the world’s 15 families of butterflies (more than 500 species), 600 indigenous plant families and 319 species of exotic orchids
Area : 147, 181 sq.km
Location : situated between China in the north and India in the south, east and west
Capital : Kathmandu
Population: 26 million (Census 2011)
People : Nepal has more than 101 ethnic groups and 92 spoken languages
Language : Nepali is the national language; travel-trade people understand and Speak English as well.
Currency : Nepali Rupee (approximately US$1 equals Rs. 102 ) as of Aug, 2017
Political system: Federal Democratic Republic
Religion : Nepal is a secular state with a predominance of Hindu and Buddhist population.
Climate : Nepal has four main seasons (1) winter: December- February, (2) Spring: March-May, (3) Summer: June-August, (4) autumn: September – November. Monsoons or rainy months are from June till mid September. Nepal can be visited the whole year round.
What to wear: Light weight clothing recommended from May through October.
Warm garments are required from October through March. Umbrella and raincoat are essential during rainy season.